Muay Thai or Thai Boxing is the national sport and cultural martial art of Thailand. Its roots are of
an ancient origin and stem from a form of unarmed close combat 'Muay Boran' that utilised the
entire body as a weapon, along with various other ancient systems, such as the weapons form of
Today, its geographical origins are debated by modern scholars, as much of the Muay Thai history
was lost when the Burmese ransacked Ayutthaya, Siam's 'Thailand' capital city during the 14th century.
Most written Muay Thai history was lost when the Burmese looted the temples and depositories of knowledge held in Ayutthaya, and what volumes were saved are now national treasures, that are preserved and protected.
Muay Thai, 'the art of 8 limbs' uses the body to mimic the weapons of war. The hands become the sword and dagger, the shins and forearms were hardened in training to act as armour against blows, and the elbow to fell opponents, like a heavy mace or hammer, the legs and knees became the axe and staff. The body operated as one unit. The knees and elbows constantly searching and testing for an opening while grappling and trying to spin an enemy to the ground for the kill.
'Muay' translates into English as 'Boxing/Boxer' = Muay Thai 'Thai Boxing/Boxer'.
Thai's refer to Muay Thai as Boxing, i.e. we are going to watch a Boxing fight/match. And what we know as standard Queensbury rules boxing, Thai's refer to as 'Western Boxing'.
Non-native Thai fighters are referred to as 'Nak Muay', 'Foreign Boxer(s)'.